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Largest Creature That Survives Extreme Dessication, Sleeping Chironomid, Is Protected By Multiple-Copy Molecular Shields

by on September 18, 2014
Anhydrobiosis is the condition in which an organism adapts to extreme water loss or dessication by entering an inactive, hibernating state and exiting into an active state upon rehydration.  Scientists from the National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS) in Tsukuba, Japan, used deep sequencing to identify genes and quantitate expressed genes (mRNA) to reveal how […]
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Synthetic Dithiol Amino Acid: A New General Drug Design Tool To Increase Target Binding Potency

by on September 17, 2014
A new, unusual synthetic amino acid has been created inside a Swiss lab that has been proven to increase the potency of two peptide investigational drugs.  The work was carried out by researchers at the Laboratory of Therapeutic Proteins and Peptides at Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne in Switzerland.   The novel “di-thiol” amino acid (abbreviated […]

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Epstein-Barr Virus Cut Out Of Infected Human Cells By CRISPR-Cas9 Gene Editing

by on September 16, 2014
Researchers at Stanford exploited the newly developed precision gene editing technology known CRISPR-Cas9 into an anti-virus technology by cutting out Epstein-Barr virus from the host genome of infected cells.  Infected cells successfully treated this way scale back proliferation caused by viral programs and engage in a self-destruct program known as “apoptosis”, or controlled cell death.  […]
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An Autonomous, Optoelectronic Camouflage Material Inspired By Octopus Skin

by on September 15, 2014
An interdisciplinary team of scientists and engineers has developed a thin, flexible 4-layer material that autonomously camouflages itself to the surroundings by optically evaluating the background and changing its pattern to match much like how the skin of an octopus or chameleon does so in the wild.  The system mimics different patterns of background quickly […]

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TLR5: A Novel Therapeutic Target And Possible Master Regulator Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

by on September 14, 2014
Professor Shiva Shahrara and her research team at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine has discovered a new player involved in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) called TLR5. The name stands for “toll-like receptor 5”, and is found on myeloid cells which migrate from the blood into joints where the disease takes place. The […]
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Thermosalient Crystal Actuators Self-Propel By Large Volume Expansion When Heated

by on September 13, 2014
A thermosalient crystal fragment visibly leaps and jumps when it undergoes a phase change as the temperature is raised.  The distances they jump reaches up to thousands of times their own size, occuring at time scales of milliseconds. This extremely rare property of converting heat energy into coordinated, large-scale motion makes it known as a […]

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Icy Europa: The Only Body With Active Plate Tectonics In Our Solar System Besides Earth

by on September 12, 2014
Dr. Simon Katterhorn, geologist and former professor at the University of Idaho and Louise Prockter, planetary scientist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland have discovered the first plate tectonics system outside Earth – on Europa, the smallest of the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter. The plates moving about this Jovian satellite […]
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Resistant To Radiation And Chemotherapy, Novel Rare Stem Cell Gives Hope To Men With Infertility

by on September 12, 2014
A team of researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center has found a rare type of stem cell, identified by a biomarker protein known as PAX7 that has the potential to hold the key to restoring fertility, especially after chemotherapy and radiation.  Produced within the testis, PAX7 cells are a source of new sperm cells. In general, […]

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Successfully Tested 3D-Printed Rocket Engine Injector Announces NASA

by on September 11, 2014
On a test stand at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, NASA successfully tested its most complex part ever built by 3D printing technology: a rocket engine injector. Instead of a classically built device that required the flawless assembly of 163 separate parts, the new design called for just two parts, both built directly […]
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A Superacid In A Metal-Organic Framework

by on September 11, 2014
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are compounds comprising one or more metal ions coordinated to organic molecules and arranged into one, two or three dimensional structures.  Chemists at UC Berkeley have discovered the first instance of a solid MOF that is also a superacid, an acid that is more “powerful” than 100% sulfuric acid. The acidity as […]