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New Method To Stop Asthma Hyperreactivity By Inhibiting Lung TRPV1 Nerve Cells

by on July 25, 2014
Researchers from Columbia University and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have found a crucial set of nerve cells that control asthma attacks.  The new research suggest an alternative way to modulate the severity of asthma by inhibiting nerve cells.  To date all therapies for asthma rely on suppression of inflammation but control is imperfect as corticosteroids […]
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Immunity To Alcohol Through Genetically Engineered Potassium Channel

by on July 25, 2014
Neuroscientists and biologists from the University of Texas successfully created genetically modified worms which carry human-version of potassium channels immune to the effects of alcohol.  The results of the experiment makes possible the development of a treatment that reduces the debilitating effects of withdrawal.  Jonathan Pierce-Shimomura, assistant professor of neuroscience, was the principal investigator in […]

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Okadaic Acid Analog For Selective Elimination Of Residual iPSCs To Prevent Tumorigenesis

by on July 24, 2014
Japanese scientists at Kyoto University have discovered a molecule that specifically targets pluripotent stem cells to eliminate them over other, differentiated cell types. The research adds a powerful new tool to the pharmacological arsenal of pluripotent stem cell therapy. The collaborating scientists come from the Division of Applied Life Sciences, the Institute for Integrated Cell-Material […]
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A Theoretical Physics Study Of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus, New 2D Nano-Material

by on July 23, 2014
Theoretical physicists have for the first time computed novel theoretical properties of few-layer black phosphorus (BP), a new 2D material endowed with a natural bandgap that makes it preferable to unmodified graphene in traditional and nano-electronics.  “Few-layer” is defined technically as having anywhere from 1 to 5 atom-thick layers of material. The physicists discovered in […]

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Draft Sequence Completed For Complex Hexaploid Bread Wheat Genome

by on July 23, 2014
Scientists belonging to the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium announced this week that they have generated a draft genome sequence of bread wheat or common wheat, an important food crop that most likely crossed everyone’s table this morning.  The draft represents an estimated 61% of the complete genome.  The consortium is composed of not only […]
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Down Syndrome Astrocytes Fail To Promote Neuronal Growth And Development But Effects Corrected By Minocycline

by on July 22, 2014
Scientists at the University of California Davis have discovered that in people with Down syndrome, astrocytes, a type of “nurture and support” brain cell, fail to help neurons, another type of brain cell, grow and form connections.  Armed with the new understanding of the molecular nature of the dysfunction, the researchers found and treated the cells with […]

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Scientists Sequence Novel Bacterial Ecosystems of 396 Human Intestines

by on July 20, 2014
Researchers at DTU (Technical University of Denmark) in collaboration with an international team from countries including France and China devised a method based on the co-abundance principle to easily identify the genomes (or genetic material) of unknown intestinal microorganisms. The scientists demonstrated this method on 396 human stool samples and uncovered 741 microbial species of […]
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Enjoyment Of Life Predicts Longer Survival And Reduced Risk Of Developing Serious Health Problems

by on July 20, 2014
In a series of studies tracking the elderly over a 10 year period, public health scientists from University College London have discovered through rigorous observation that enjoyment of life is predicts longer life and reduced risk of developing serious health problems.  The results fall short of proving an ironclad causal link but are strongly provocative […]

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High Energy Physics And Deep Learning: Automated Feature Discovery For Efficient Higgs Search

by on July 19, 2014
Professors Pierre Baldi and Daniel Whiteson respectively from the Computer Science and Physics departments at the University of California Irvine (UCI) teamed up to exploit machine learning to find new particles in high energy physics.  The team applied a method from the machine learning and artificial intelligence field called deep learning.  The result is more efficient and […]
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US Army Develops A Micro-Medicine Tool That Grabs Single-Cells

by on July 18, 2014
Disease processes have origins at the molecule scale in cells inside the human body. For this reason, physician scientists want to develop technologies to treat disease at the individual cell level. Scientists at the United States Army Research Laboratory and Johns Hopkins University in Maryland, United States, have developed a minuscule tool, the size of a […]